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ASEAN: The Road to 2015 (individual papers)

Chair:
Danica Salazar
University of Oxford
danica.salazar@ell.ox.ac.uk

List of Papers:

  • Regionalism in higher education: issues and prospects for the ASEANISATION of higher education
  • Creating a Common ASEAN Economic Community’s Credit Union as Means of Savings for Labours: Case Study from the Experiences and the Opinions in Thailand
  • The ASEAN Economic Community: Is Cultural Diversity An Impediment to Development?

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Paper 1: Harmonisation of higher education: issues and prospects for the ASEANISATION of higher education.

Salita Seedokmai
University of Melbourne
salitas@student.unimelb.edu.au

In the global higher education (HE) scenario, many countries face common challenges in HE including rising demands for access to HE, and the needs to improve the quality of HE for international recognition. Although the harmonisation of HE process in Europe has not been without flaws, a regional platform to address and perhaps solve common challenges in HE is of interests to the global regions. This project examines the harmonisation of HE in the case of ASEAN countries. Considering a regional commitment to establish an ASEAN Community by 2015 and the international challenges in HE, a more prominent role of the harmonisation of HE process within the ASEAN region is crucial to build a strong foundation for the ASEAN Community and also to enhance HE interconnectedness of ASEAN and beyond. This study explores the concept of the harmonisation of HE, particularly from an ASEAN perspective. It also investigates the progress and impediments towards increased harmonisation in HE in this region. Findings are based on document analysis and in-depth interviews with policy makers and practitioners at the managerial level from ten ASEAN countries  engaged in regional cooperation. The findings lend evidence that harmonisation of HE process has induced increased convergence HE policy of ASEAN countries. It is anticipated this study will shed light on how ASEAN countries can collectively stimulate more harmonised ambience in HE, to promote the connectivity in HE among ASEAN countries and beyond.

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Paper 2: Creating a Common ASEAN Economic Community’s Credit Union as Means of Savings for Labours: Case Study from the Experiences and the Opinions in Thailand

Pornpong Sakdapat
Shinawatra International University
bbname.passport@gmail.com

Co-operation is a public shared organisation, which is formed by people who have the same interest in supporting their purpose; Credit Union is a co-operation in financial sectors in order to assist members regarding the stable and sustainable aspect in their finance situation. It is one of the most important organisation especially among blue collar labour in Thailand because it influences labour to realise to save money by using the member economic participation principal. This study investigated the relationship of labour’s saving with demography of labour, economic conditions, and the workplace credit union. The result of the study can lead to a conclusion that manager should support labor to be a member of credit union in which results in the better labor living condition or not. The study observed data by using questionnaires choosing from sample random sampling method in 5 major cities, in 5 region of Thailand in May 2013. Questionnaires were sets of 400 sampling from labour who work in the workplace that has credit union. The data were analysed by using description statistic, t-test, and Chi-square test.

Result showed that majority sampling is credit union’s member, of which 81.5 percent being member for 5.03 years old on average, the majority of these group are women, married, their average age is 35.84 years old, and work in large workplaces (more than 200 employees) with a bachelor degree, the average monthly income is 17,414 Baht or US$539.67, while the monthly excess is 11,720 Baht or US$363.29, the monthly deposit on average is 39,662.75 Baht or US$1229.47.

Hypothesis testing found that credit union’s members have difference amount of saving compare to those who are not credit union’s member. It was also found that credit union’s members have a significant relationship between saving and their age, year of being credit union’s member, degree of education, type of job, monthly income, while marital status has no significant relationship with the saving amount. As this form part of an on-going research, it is expected that the experience from Thailand will provide an insightful experience for Southeast Asia.

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Paper 3: The ASEAN Economic Community: Is Cultural Diversity An Impediment to Development?

Balbir Bhasin
University of Arkansas – Fort Smith
Balbir.Bhasin@uafs.edu

Lee Keng Ng
Toulouse Business School
li.leekng@gmail.com

The ten countries of Southeast Asia have very diverse cultures, ranging from differences in language, religion, history, geography, political structure, social framework and world view. How do these differences affect the countries’ efforts at economic development, modernization and regional cooperation? As they move forward as members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) towards an ASEAN Community by 2015, this paper endeavours to suggest options to the challenges ahead.