The Jokowi-JK Administration, Six Months On: Has the Promise been fulfilled?
Friday 20 March 2015, 1400 – 1600, Auditorium 1
University of Oxford
University of Oxford
The election of former Jakarta Governor, Haji Joko Widodo (‘Jokowi’), in the July 2014 Indonesian presidential election seems to mark a radical change in Indonesian politics. For the first time since independence, after six presidents who have all been drawn from the satria (priyayi) and intellectual (‘brahmin’) elite, Indonesia has its first ‘sudra’ (merchant class) non-elite head of state. The July election was also the first to take place in the context of Indonesia’s internet revolution, which has made the country the social media ‘capital’ of the world with nearly 75 million facebook users. This ‘wired’ civil society was critical in determining the election outcome. But how easy will it be for the Jokowi-Jusuf Kalla team to bring about meaningful change in a deeply oligarchic and corrupt political culture?
In their election campaign, the Jokowi-JK team announced a nine-point programe called the Nawa Cita (nine goals): (1) protection and security for all citizens at home and abroad and Indonesia’s development as a maritime nation; (2) clean, effective and transparent governance, including reform of the party system, to restore confidence in the country’s democratic institutions; (3) building the country from the periphery to the centre to strengthen Indonesia’s rural economy within the framework of a unitary state; (4) reform of the system of law enforcement to ensure a corruption-free and reliable judiciary and police force; (5) raising citizens’ quality of life by educational reform and the expansion of the government’s ‘Prosperous Indonesia’ social security programme through land reform, village housing and subsidized flats; (6) improving Indonesia’s economic productivity and competitiveness in international markets to turn it into an Asian ‘tiger’; (7) achieving economic independence by taking back strategic sectors from foreign control; (8) building national character through the development of civic education, effective national history teaching, and the instillation of patriotic values, morality and manners; (9) strengthening social cohesiveness through an educational system which honours cultural and religious diversity and encourages social dialogue between ethnic and religious groups. The panel will consider whether any of these goals are achievable during Jokowi’s initial five-year mandate (2014-2019) and the scale of the ongoing oligarchic backlash against state institutions – like the Anti-Corruption Commission (KPK) – which threaten the elite’s traditional power base.
Grace Leksana (Indonesian Institute of Social History)
Grace Leksana holds a Bachelor degree of Psychology from Atma Jaya Catholic University, Indonesia and a Master’s degree in Development Studies from Institut of Social Studies, Netherlands. Along with the Indonesian Institute of Social History, she coordinates a program of ‘Reforming History Education’ by building capacity of history teachers and developing biography-based history teaching materials. She is also have a high interest in the 1965 violence issues. Her current based is in Malang and she is now active at the Culture and Frontier Studies, Brawijaya University – Malang.
- Erani Yustika (Brawijaya University, Malang)
Ahmad Erani Yustika was born on 22nd March 1973 in Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia. He was awarded his bachelor’s degree in Economic Development at Brawijaya University in 1996, and post-graduate degrees (Master in 2001 and Doctoral in 2005) at Goettingen University, Germany. He has published many articles in national newspapers and magazines, scientific journals, and books. Since 1997, he has been working as a lecturer at University of Brawijaya. On 1st June 2010, he was appointed as a Professor of Institutional Economics at the Faculty of Economics, University of Brawijaya (inaugurated on 30 December, 2010).
Mohtar Masoed (Universitas Gadjah Mada)
Born in Malang, Indonesia, in 1949, he earned the first degree in International Relations from the Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), 1975 and Ph.D. degree from the Ohio State University, 1983, with a dissertation titled “Indonesian Economy and Political Structure during the New Order, 1966-1969”.
He served as the Director of Inter-University Center for Social Sciences, (1995-1999); the Dean of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (2005-2009) and the Head of the Center of Security and Peace Studies (2010-now) all at UGM.
His social engagement includes serving as Chair of Advisory Board, Gita Pertiwi Foundation, Solo (2004-now); member of the Board of Directors, Indonesian Community for Democracy, Jakarta (2010-now).
- AE Priyono (LP3ES)
AE Priyono is one of the founders of Demos, a research institution for democracy and human rights. He is currently the Director of the Riset pada Public Virtue Institute (Institute for Research on Public Virtue), Jakarta. He also writes as a columnist in various Indonesian national media.