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Energy Development in Southeast Asia

0900–1030, Thursday 14 April 2016, L1

Nigel Gould-Davies
Mahidol University International College

Southeast Asia’s economic development has the potential to lead millions of people out of poverty in the coming decades. To support this, the region’s total energy demand is set to grow 80%, and power demand will nearly treble, by 2040.

This rapidly growing demand will require new sources of supply that are affordably priced, sustainably produced, and equitably distributed. This is creating a series of public policy challenges across the region, for example:

 – inexpensive coal creates greenhouse gases as well as local particulate pollution, making it harder to meet emissions reduction targets

 – solutions promoted as ‘sustainable’, such as large hydro projects, are now drawing criticism in light of their effects on the environment and on local communities.

 – the transnational politics of energy are becoming more complex and significant, as the creation of the new Lancang-Mekong Dialogue highlights

What policy and technological solutions are available to meet these growing energy needs? What are the implications of policy development for relations among southeast Asian states?

The Roundtable explores these key issues across a range of countries and sectors. It assesses the policies, institutions and best practices which can help stakeholders achieve a consensus on how to meet the region’s future energy needs.


  • Chair: Nigel Gould-Davies (Mahidol University International College)

Nigel Gould-Davies teaches at Mahidol University in Thailand. From 2010-13 he held senior government relations roles in the international energy industry in Central Asia and Southeast Asia. From 2000-10 he served in the British Foreign Office, where his roles included ambassador to Belarus, head of the economic department in Moscow, and project director in the Strategy Unit of the Policy Planning Directorate. Dr Gould-Davies is widely published on International Relations and Soviet/post-Soviet affairs. He received his BA and MPhil from Oxford University and his PhD from Harvard University. He is an Associate Fellow of the Royal Institute of International Affairs.

  • Andrew Campbell (Charles Darwin University)

Andrew Campbell is Director of the Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods (RIEL), Director of the Darwin Centre for Bushfires Research and Director of the Centre for Renewable Energy at Charles Darwin University, in Darwin Australia.  His research interests span the interactions between climate, water, energy, food systems and biodiversity, and the interface between knowledge, science and policy.  He was previously a Senior Executive in the Australian Government’s environment portfolio, Managing Director of Triple Helix Consulting, and CEO of Land & Water Australia, an Australian Government Statutory Authority.

  • Mari Mulyani (University of Oxford)

Dr Mari Mulyani is a lecturer with the University of Indonesia’s Post Graduate Study of Environmental Science and  Module Leader ‘ASEAN Environment’, at the School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford. Her research interests include  the interplay between internationally established climate change policies with related national and sub national policies, environmental governance, and Indonesia’s non formal institutions (e.g. ‘Clientelism’) and forest institutions.

  • Diana Suhardiman (International Water Management Institute)

Diana Suhardiman is a Senior Researcher and Leader for Governance and Political Economy Sub-Theme at the International Water Management Institute, based in Vientiane, Lao PDR. She has over 10 years experience in natural resources governance with a particular focus on water governance in Asia. Her research focuses on multilevel policy and institutional analysis at the intersection of land, water, environment and energy in the Mekong region, combining political economy and political ecology approaches. Diana is the author of recently published book: Bureaucracy and Development: Reflections from the Indonesian Water Sector (2015).

  • Tim Lankester (University of Oxford)

Beginning his career as an economist with the World Bank, in Washington and then New Delhi, Sir Tim Lankester joined HM Treasury in 1973 then became Private Secretary to two successive Prime Ministers, James Callaghan and Margaret Thatcher. He was Permanent Secretary at the Overseas Development Administration (now DFID) from 1989 to 1994. He was Director and Principal of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London from 1996–2000 and President of Corpus Christi College, Oxford 2001–2009. He is author of The politics and economics of Britain’s foreign aid: the Pergau Dam affair. London: Routledge (2013).