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SEA Studies Symposium 2018 – Posters

5-78: Flood Disaster Solution Analysis For Jakarta Coastal Areas

Rommy Martdianto
Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Republic of Indonesia

Jakarta flood control concept in comprehensive stage issued in 1918. Batavia had 125 km2 when concept arranged, and for ultimate Jakarta’s area 650 km2 in 1974. There have been needed some modification to support flood control caused by local rainfall, runoff, and sea level rise. In 1990 only 12% or 1600 Ha of north Jakarta land is under sea water level, predicted in 2030 almost 90% or 12.500 Ha coastal area of north Jakarta will replace to inundation area.

Flood in 2007 is one of biggest flood disaster in Jakarta and able to be reference in some research. When disaster was happened, middle Ciliwung basin has rainfall intensity 350 mm/hours, estimate discharge 1350 m3/s, and urgently needed to be runoff maintenance. Downstream area of Ciliwung basin called Jakarta bay also influenced by Java sea condition. According measurement and analysis tidal, wave data at Jakarta bay (Pluit) along May 2016-April 2017 found sea water level average 1.24 m, and highest +1.12 m from LWS.

Reservoir proposed at Bogor, analyze by topography, replacement hydrograph, and runoff after reservoir in operation. Around Jakarta area, channel improvement capacity to diverging runoff done by operating Western Flood Canal (16.9 km) and East Flood Canal (23.57 km). Jakarta bay also need coastal dike to prevent coastal area from sea level rise, with urgently segment to be done from emergency phase along 20.1 km and height estimate +3.4 m.

Mitigation and adaptation for Jakarta flood disaster which has been done are flood infrastructure development, and also needed innovation for solving future disaster. Important innovation are modification runoff from upstream Ciliwung with installment reservoir and coastal dike include comprehensive analysis effect. This effort will give advantage for mitigation and adaptation Jakarta flood disaster because will be reduce discharge, and prevent sea level rise impact around Jakarta coastal areas.

5-79: Public Private Partnership for Supporting Environmental Sustainability of The Karang Mumus River within Public Health Approach in Samarinda City

Osa Rafidin
Health City Office of Samarinda, East Borneo

Karang Mumus River with a length of 34.7 Kms is a source of water to support the life of the community along the river. As the time flows, increasing population density and human activities both along and outside of the river, especially the water quality is decreasing significantly within a few years, as the public health of the community worsen.
Based on the results of field observation, the activities of the people around the watersheds that have negative impacts include the disposal of solids and liquids to the river. The lack of awereness of the importance of conserving the river environment, and the attitude of the community towards public health approach is also contributing for the community behaviour.
The growth of environmental non governmental organizations are contributing towards the implementation of environmental policy of City Government. Open recruitment for facilitators, supervisors and river guards are doubled within 4 years and contribute actively to maintain and to observe public health situation along the community.
The water borne related diseases are decreasing since the last year within the community along the river. The behaviour change towards self hygiene assessment are one of the key factor for supporting environmental sustainability of the river.

5-89: Genetic Diversity of Six Indonesian Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) Isolates Infecting Medicinal and Spice Plants 

Miftakhurohmah Miftakhurohmah
Indonesian Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Institute

Study the genetic diversity of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is necessary to understand the variation between the isolates that associated with virulence, spread and emergence of the epidemic. The aim of this research is to study molecular characterization and genetic diversity of the CMV isolates from Catharanthus roseus, Pogostemon cablin, Piper sarmentosum, Piper nigrum, Jasminum sambac. and Orthosipon aristatus. Molecular detection was performed by reverse transcriptasion polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay using a specific primer of CMV CP gene and DNA sequenced. The sequences were compared with CMV isolates from Genbank using phylogenetic tree and identity matrix. The CP genes ~657 nucleotides were succesfully amplified CMV isolated from infected samples. Sequence analyses revealed that all of these CMV belonged to subgroup IB. The highest identity of nucleotide sequence (>99%) were between P. cablin, Jasminum sp., C. roseus and P. sarmentosum isolates. On phylogenetic tree, these four isolates were closely related to CMV isolate from Japan, while CMV from P. nigrum and O. aristatus have a relationship with CMV isolates from Indonesia in different strains. Its suggest that CMV isolates under study have molecular genetic diversity and different origins. Molecular chacterization of CMV isolates from J. sambac, C. roseus, O. aristatus and P. nigrum are the first report in Indonesia.

5-106 Geographic Distribution of  Two Types of Kayu Merah (Pterocarpus indicus forma indicus and forma echinatus) in Eastern Indonesia

Vivi Yuskianti
Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement



Information on the geographic distribution, habitat and collected genetic material of kayu merah (Pterocarpus indicus Willd) in the Eastern Indonesia is important for its conversation and futher utilization. Kayu merah, a high quality wood used for traditional house, furniture, handicraft, medicine and also shade plant, rehabilitation and agroforestry, has been categorized as vulnerable (A1d ver 2,3) by The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Little known that there are two types of kayu merah which are differentiated by the characteristics of the central outer part of its pod: smooth pods (P. indicus forma indicus) and pricks/thorns pods (P. indicus forma echinatus). The genetic conservation of kayu merah has begun since 2015 has obtained several results.  Our field exploration found different geographic location of each type of kayu merah. The smooth type (forma indicus) were obtained in Kupang regency in East Nusa Tenggara, sub-district of Southwest Alor Island in East Nusa Tenggara and Seram Island in Maluku, while the prickly type (forma echinatus) was collected in Flores Island in East Nusa Tenggara, Dompu in Sumbawa Island in West Nusa Tenggara and sub-district of East Alor Island in East Nusa Tenggara.  Basic information on the geographic distribution, habitat and mother tree dimension of each population in the field exploration and progress achieved in the genetic conservation of kayu merah in Indonesia will be presented in this paper.

5-115 Creating a sustainable environmental management system: model of expert stakeholders perspective.

Zeffa Aprilasani
Universitas Indonesia

This research aims to establish a model of sustainable environmental management system based on expert stakeholders perspective in Indonesia. In-depth interviews conducted with expert stakeholders from government sector, private sector, and academic sector. First, we arranged stakeholder mapping. Then, we confirmed statistical result of the effect of environmental management system on firms’ performance which listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange. Futhermore, we determined the factors of successful and sustainable environmental management system. Finally, a qualitative model of sustainable environmental management system from expert stakeholders perspective was developed. We identified several factors; motivation, decision making, cost and investment, key aspects, obstacles, and benefits. We find that Indonesian government made environmental management system as a voluntary mandate which collaborate with Corporate Performance Rating Program in Environmental Management (PROPER) from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. The key finding to create sustainable environmental management system were managerial willingness, budget, and discipline to maintain good internal systems, law enforcement, habit, culture, and behavior in firm scale.

5-116 Carbon Storage Potential In Mangrove Forest Ecosystem At Coastal Area ( Case Study: West Kabaena District, Kabaena Island, Bombana Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia)

Lies Indriyani
Halu Oleo University


Mangrove forests are very important in carbon sequestration. Previous research results found that mangrove forests can absorb carbon four times larger than tropical forests, but unfortunately up to this time most of the people are still focused on the potential of their timber or even the land and not with the ecological function of the mangrove ecosystem itself. This paradigm is one of the triggers of the degradation rate of mangrove ecosystem. This study aims to determine the carbon deposits and carbon uptake stored in the mangrove forest ecosystem in coastal areas. This research was conducted in the area of mangrove forest ecosystem from April to July 2017. The method was by using purposive sampling with variable observed were carbon above-ground level, which is the biomass of mangrove tree. The results showed that mangrove forests in the study plots had a total amount of stored biomass of 6,664 tons per hectare, carbon deposits of 3,065 tons per hectare and carbon uptake of 11,241 tons per hectare.

5-122 Environmental and Social Impact of Oil Spill Incident at Kepulauan Seribu

Chiquita Tri Rezki
Universitas Indonesia

The oil spill is one of the key factors that affected environmental, social and economic changes to coastal communities in Kepulauan Seribu. As is known from the Directorate General Sea Transportation and other related agency that the incident often occurs in the area, at least once a year, and the latest incident appear in April 2016. Kepulauan Seribu is one of the tourism areas, catch and cultivation area for fisheries, and also designated as Marine National Park area. Indonesia already has regulations regarding the environmental protection and the oil spill response, which mention the importance of community’s roles in the issues. This study will be focused on oil spill distribution modeling and impacted area analysis, and also the coastal community’s role in oil spill response operations. The subject of the research is important because the previous research has focused more on the oil spill distribution modeling and the economic valuation of oil spill liability and compensation. The research will produce overlay map between oil spill distribution modeling results and environmental sensitivity map of Kepulauan Seribu to see the ecosystem that can be impacted as a priority based for the stakeholders to conduct the response operations. Furthermore, this study also will give the information to coastal communities about their roles in the incident.

5-130 Identify Climate Change Impacts On Whiteleg Shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei) Farming In Banyuwangi District, East Java Province

Dwi Puspa Arini
CReSOS (Center for Remote Sensing and Ocean Sciences)

Whiteleg shrimp commodities has a high economic and a high market demand. Changes in temperature and precipitation seems to be the most significant factors on shrimp aquaculture. The objective is to understand of climatic factors influence the whiteleg shrimp farming sector in Indonesia based on CMIP5 models (IPSL-CM5A-MR model selected) and to understand adaptability of whiteleg shrimp to climate change on vulnerable area. The projection of IPSL-CM5A-MR model (2018 – 2042) includes four Representative Concentration Pathway (RCPs) scenarios, encompassing RCP 2.6, RCP 4.5, RCP 6.0, and RCP 8.5. The results on various time scales showed that Banyuwangi District was the most vulnerable area in East Java Province. And Muncar sub-District was the most vulnerable area in Banyuwangi District. 92% of the respondents were aware of climate change. From the respondents revealed that increased on rainfall (34%) and decreased of temperature (29%) had negative impacts on shrimp production, also decrease in production influenced by disease and climate factors, in rainy seasons the disease more frequently.

5-136 Environmental Restoration Model for Sustainability of Ecosystem Function of Upstream Ciliwung Watershed

Haqqi Annazili
Universitas Indonesia

The success of controlling the minimum level of erosion hazard of Upstream Ciliwung Watershed is one of the strategic ways to realize the sustainable development of Upstream Ciliwung Watershed. Efforts to control the minimum level of erosion hazard can be done through environmental restoration. This research investigates the model of environmental restoration for the sustainability of ecosystem function of Upstream Ciliwung Watershed based on interviews with 30 farmers who own land in Upstream Ciliwung Watershed and 8 expert respondents who influence the environmental restoration policy of Upstream Ciliwung Watershed. The sustainability of watershed functions is influenced by the minimum level of erosion hazard, farmer income, and crop production and those factors are used as criteria. The chosen alternative is the arrangement of the land cover area, among others: the width of forest area, dryland farming area, rice field area, and settlement area. By using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) data analysis, the researcher will make environmental restoration model for sustainability of ecosystem function of Upstream Ciliwung Watershed and then analyze the sustainability index of Upstream Ciliwung Watershed. This study will highlight the increase in forest cover in Upstream Ciliwung Watershed as an alternative priority in supporting the sustainability of watershed functions. This research is related to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) number 15 (life on land), which is to protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

5-139 Productivity and Susceptibility Analysis and Rapid Management Risk Assessment to Evaluate the Vulnerability Sharks Caught In Indian Ocean, Indonesia

Priyo Suharsono Sulaiman
Universitas Indonesia

Shark resources management is required to ensure its sustainability in nature, but management by using the quantitative approach with through abundance estimation method is very difficult to do. Therefore, a qualitative study using productivity and susceptibility analysis (PSA) and rapid management risk assessment (M-risk) can be selected as an alternative method. Through the PSA analysis, the vulnerability level of shark resources in nature can be known by observing the value of biological productivity and its ability to receive the fishing impact by fisher. While using the M-risk assessment method, the level of shark fishery management efforts that have been done by the fisheries policy makers in Indonesia will be assessed. PSA and M-risk analyze method will be conducted on 7 dominant shark species caught in the Indian Ocean (Prionace glauca, Carcharhinus longimanus, Sphyrna lewini, Isurus oxyrinchus, Carcharhinus falciformis, Alopias superciliosus, and Alopias pelagicus). Later, the results will be able to provide the description of the vulnerability level of each shark species. Referring to the scale of the shark species susceptibility, it can be identified shark priority species that need major attention and protection. Based on these priorities, the shark fisheries management strategy can arrange in the Indian Ocean of Indonesia.

5-141 Analysis of Community Perception on Biogas Development from Cow Dung Based on Community Power

Muhammad Mundzir Kamiluddin
Universitas Indonesia

Population growth every year has an impact on increasing energy demand, however oil and gas reserves are running low. Currently, the contribution of Renewable Energy (EBT) reaches 7.5% of the total national energy supply, while the government targets 23% by 2025. This condition requires an increase in renewable energy production. Under-utilized cattle dung, high poverty rates, high air pollution and increased environmental damage are challenges to creating and developing sustainable energy that is environmental friendly and has high economic value. East Java as the province with the highest livestock population in Indonesia is an opportunity to develop biogas from cow dung as raw material. The purpose of this research is to know the potential of society to utilization of cow dung into biogas as energy source, especially for cooking needs in Sopet Village Jangkar District Situbondo Regency East Java. This research uses a qualitative approach with descriptive design that combines qualitative and quantitative research methods. The results of this study are expected to give a comprehensive description about ability of the community in the development of biogas from cow dung.

5-145 Local knowledge of ecology and regulation: as one approach to tuna fisheries management associated with Fish Agregating Devices (FADs) in Palabuhanratu

Ignatius Tri Hargiyatno
Universitas Indonesia

The Handline fishery associated with Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs or “rumpon”) in the southern waters of Palabuhanratu plays an important role as the food and employment provider. The use of FADs increases fishing productivity and fishermen income, however has an ecological impact on fish resources. Uncontrolled use of FADs is feared to have an impact on the sustainability of fish resources. Local ecological and regulation knowledge both are complementary each other when the availability of data is limited. This paper is going to analysis the impact of local ecological and regulation knowledge to fisheries management. Data collection will be using semi-structured interview (n ± 40) to understand the fishers knowledge regarding fish behavior observation aspect and the regulation implementation. The result of this study will provide the ecological information of tuna resources (attraction, retention, and departure behavior of fishes) around FADs, and will reveal the knowledge of fishers regarding the regulatory substantial content and its implementation related FADs. Those are important as a basis of policy formulation to achieve the objectives of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on the conservation and sustainability of marine resources.

5-147 Wastewater Treatment For Tofu Industry With Up Flow Anaerobic Fixed Bed Reactor: A Case Of Setu Cipayung, Jakarta Timur, Indonesia

Laras Andria Wardani
Universitas Indonesia

Tofu is has favourite food in Indonesia, which has good nutritional been worth and the year affordable price, so the tofu industry is spread almost all over the districts in Indonesia. Currently, wastewaters from tofu industry not been treated fully and it usually discharged directly into the environment. This resulted in bad odor, and pollution in water and soil. Moreover, environmental problems lead to social conflicts between industrial and residential communities. Biogas production is has prospective technology that can utilize renewable energy resource reserve and cleanse wastewater through special treatment. Setu Cipayung in Jakarta Timur is chosen has as a case study study because does not yet to treatment. Industry at tofu Setu Cipayung, total soybean approximately using the 1200Kg/day, and produce 17,4 m3 to wastewater/day. Wastewater treatment for tofu industry in this area will be treated with Up Flow Anaerobic Fixed Bed (UAFB) reactor. Tofu wastewater treatment with UAFB technology can to improve the environment (this technology can be reduce of wastewater or organic material up to 70%), improve the economic for society (this technology can produces biogas renewable energy to substitute LPG for residential communities which receives the from wastewater impact industry tofu), and reduce methane emissions from wastewater tofu industry.

5-148 East Canal Flood as PDAM Water Resource DKI Jakarta

Wednes Suci Pradafitri
Universitas Indonesia

Population growth increases the need for clean water supplies. Poor quality, quantity, and continuity of clean water condition make water supply scarce. These problems can be overcome by an intervention to the demand and supply so as to improve the service of clean water supply in various cities, especially the province of DKI Jakarta. East Flood Canal (BKT) is one of the infrastructure facilities of DKI Jakarta province as a potential source of raw water supply. The study aimed to analyze the factors affecting BKT water, to analyze the sustainability of BKT water in DKI Jakarta as the raw water source of PDAM in terms of quality, quantity, and continuity, and to analyze the precise processing approach to improve the water quality of BKT. Analysis of land use and social factors using GIS (Geographic Information System) and questionnaire methods. Analysis of the quality, quantity, and continuity of BKT water using laboratory tests and literature studies. Analysis of net water pre-treatment approach using AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process). The variables involved in the research are the way of river water treatment, the amount of water supply, the amount of clean water consumption and the people of DKI Jakarta. The results of the research will present that East Flood Canal can become the raw water source of PDAM DKI Jakarta in quality, quantity, and continuity. This research is very important because it provides a new innovation in overcoming the problem of availability of clean water which is increasingly limited especially in DKI Jakarta. This research contribute to SDG particularly number 6, clean water and sanitation.

5-157 Appraising equity in national legal frameworks of Land Acquisition : Investment case of Indonesia

Arif Siregar
Universitas Indonesia

The humanist global economy framework prosperity generally done as an anthropocentrically and is feared to give impact to equity. The National legal framework has an important role in facilitating this issue in a unique context for each country. One of keys to open the financial opportunity lies in the commitment to maintain the environmental system sustainability. Equator Principal, IFC Performance Standard as global initiative regulation and AMDAL in Indonesia is an early baseline to mapping the socio-economic in a development phase. The social factor is one of important thing due to its high risk of being leverage for major problems. This research aims to analyze problem management in regards to partnership framework to achieve the SDGs, due to social factor, specifically in affected communities from land acquisition on development. This is covered in United Nations Framework, as well as in Indonesian constitution. This study will find on the instruments handle procedural issues regarding relevant land acquisition stakeholders, including communities which are dependent on heritage land cultivation. Thus GoI policy should be clearly implemented as a reference to determine the land status. However, the current constitutions do not cover important contextual dimension, including a share of land and forest rights and obligations for the community that depends on the forest. Results of this research provide detailed analysis on land-related constitutions in terms of law and tradition is expected to highlight the importance of adopting a comprehensive framework for equity. At the end, the environmental system sustainability is expected to be maintained ongoing development.

5-159 Coastal Area Potential Ecotourism Development in North Maluku Fatkauyon Sula Islands

Jamaludin M
Universitas Indonesia

“Sula Islands is an area consisting of small islands. The coastal area has the Sula Islands attractiveness of landscapes, white sand beaches, mangrove, seagrass, coral reefs and ornamental fish in the surrounding waters. Fatkauyon is one of the coastal areas of the island that has the potential Sulabesi beach and sea tourism. The potential if developed into a regional ecotourism, will benefit the local economy and ensure social sustainability of the environment.

Fatkauyon coastal areas, have not fully anticipate the development of quality tourism by setting up regional development attractive with interesting objects and attractions and facilities appropriate tourism. This paper examines the potential of tourism in Fatkauyon for sustainable coastal tourism development. by (1) an analysis of the carrying capacity of the area and land suitability analysis sites, (2) analysis of the socioeconomic conditions of coastal areas, (3) analysis of the development of tourism policy.

The approach in this study using the analysis of the carrying capacity of coastal areas to determine the capacity of the visitor, land suitability analysis shore excursions, snorkeling and diving, a descriptive analysis of the socio-economic analysis of the public’s understanding of ecotourism, as well as analysis of tourism policy in the region Sula Islands.

This finding contributes to literature how the suitability of the carrying capacity of the tourist areas, the suitability of coastal tourist areas, snorkeling and diving, community understanding of ecotourism, and tourism development policies that are in line with environmental sustainability goals of SDGs.”

5-170 The Role Of Workers As An Effort Of Wastewater From The Fish Processing Industry In The Fisheries Port Of Nizam Zachman Jakarta

Setia Devi Kurniasih
Universitas Indonesia

The subject of my research is about workers who care about the environment as an effort to handle and control the wasterwater from the fish processing industry. My research question is how the wastewater treatment unit (WWTU) workers to handle and control the wastewater. This research aims to analyze the role of WWTU workers as an effort to control the wastewater at the Fisheries Port of Nizam Zachman Jakarta. The subject of the research is important because workers who care the environment expect to reduce the potential for water pollution. This research will use descriptive analysis method with quantitative approach. Data will obtain by quetionnaries and interviews WWTU workers. Then, it will calculate matemathically in percentage form. My contribution will be increase the knowledge, skills, and motivation of workers to handle and control the waste. The result of this research refers to SDG’s number sixth (6th) to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all and number ninth (9th) to build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

5-171 Study of Lobster Resources Management with Ecosystem Approach

Andrias Samu Samu
University Indonesia

Lobster production in Pangandaran in 2010 showed an increase of up to 12 tons in 2013. However, in 2014 lobster production in this area has decreased approximately 6 tons. The high demand in the export sector is thought to be one of the causes of the decline in lobster production. The high number of lobster exports has led to extractive exploitation to lobster catches of various sizes, ranging from the juvenile stadium to the parent the ripens gonad. Furthermore, catching lobsters in Pangandaran also still use fishing gear and fishing aids that are not environmentally friendly, krendet net and cyanide poison. The high intensity of capture with it, not only causes pressure on the lobster population but also causes damage to coral reefs. Based on data BP2KSI (2015), it is known that coral cover in Pangandaran already in low status, <10-15%. This paper aims to analyze the potential of lobster resources and their exploitative effect on coral reef ecosystems based on Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) domains and indicators. The methods used in this paper are AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) and TOPSIS (Technique for Order of Preference by Similarly to Ideal Solution). This research will produce an ideal solution as an alternative to sustainable lobster resource management in Pangandaran. This paper is closely related and can contribute to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); goal (12) ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns; and goal (14) conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

5-172 Analysis Of Community Development Implementation Around Coal Mining Area

Marikha Ulfah Utami
Universitas Indonesia

Along with the significant increase of world coal price in early 2017 reaching US $ 86.23/ton, it affects the increase of coal production in Indonesia. To accommodate it, the government has a mining strategic plan. With the strategic plan, the coal sector can contribute to the country in the form of various sources of state funding such as royalties, taxes, and expansion of employment and national development. On the other hand, coal mining activities cause a number of social and environmental conflicts, such as economical jealousy due to loss of communication and inequality (companies, communities and governments). To overcome this problem, the government as a mediator between community and company, has issued a written regulation on the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR). In the field of mineral and coal mining CSR is regulated by Law Number 4 Year 2009 where the kind of CSR in this case is Community Development (comdev), specificaly regulated by the Regulation of the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Number 41 Year 2016 on Community Development. In this regulation, the company is obliged to carry out community development programs divided in 8 aspects, among others: education, health, real income level, economic, social and cultural, community participation in environmental management, institutional establishment, and infrastructure development. This study analizes the synergy among Central Government, Local Government, Entrepreneur, and Communities around the mine area and the ideal percentage of the alocated cost for financing 8 aspects refering to the Ministerial Regulation Number 41 year 2016. The intended effect of it is to provide feedbacks to government and companie in comdev program arrangement.

5-175 Oil and Gas Pollution Distribution Model Through Hydrocarbon Microseepage Mapping with Satellite Imagery in Block Corridor PSC

Muhamad Iqbal Januadi Putra
Universitas Indonesia

The phenomenon of hydrocarbon microseepage is a common phenomenon occurring in areas with the presence of onshore oil and gas reservoirs and potentially becoming pollutant for the environment. This phenomenon is happened in 85% of the world’s oil and gas sources and always characterized by the abnormal natural surface spectral landscape characteristics of mineral alteration features, geobotany anomalies, and soil geochemical anomalies (gasometry) that can be detected by satellite imagery. Therefore, this study aims to find models of oil and gas pollution distribution through detection approach of hydrocarbon microseepage detected by satellite imagery. The parameters used in this study to detect the phenomenon of hydrocarbon microseepage are alteration symptoms of some indicating minerals, geobotany anomaly symptoms, and soil geochemical anomaly symptoms (gasometry). This research uses multispectral satellite image method of Sentinel 2 and Landsat 8 OLI with band ratio algorithm to detect mineral alteration phenomenon and geobotany anomaly. Meanwhile, soil geochemical data (gasometry) used to detect the presence of hydrocarbon microseepage phenomenon is obtained from the measurement of soil geochemistry (gasometry) in the field. These parameters are then integrated with the fuzzy logic method so that the microseepage area is generated. The results of this study indicate the presence of hydrocarbon microseepage phenomenon in the research area which is an indication of the pollution presence. Spatial analysis of hydrocarbon microseepage distribution can then show the model of the distribution of oil and gas pollution based on the characteristics of seepage distribution on the surface area.”

5-176 Analysis of Ecological Footprint and Airport Sustainability of Tree Health Assessment as Emissions Controlling (Case in Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport, East Jakarta, Province of DKI Jakarta)

Bagus Ferry Agrayanto
Universitas Indonesia

Emissions are the manifestation of anthropogenic and the major contributor for enhancing green house effect. Mostly emissions are being generated by fossil fuel combustion due to human activity, including aircraft jet engines. Since commercially opening of Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport (HLP) in January 2014, it has increased emissions due to flight activity. HLP plays a significant role in supporting Soekarno Hatta International Airport in the domestic flight services and as the busiest airport in Jakarta. However, during the complexity of its role, so far HLP still not making any progress in implementing Eco-Airport concept due to the establishment of Eco-Airport council, grand design of implementation, cost and benefit challenging indeed. Eco-Airport concept is needed for promoting enviromental measures and improving competitiveness by airport branding. Therefore, this research will result on ratio scale by conducting quantitative method and approach in order for analyzing ecological footprint value and how airport sustainability can be achieved from the capability of tree in controlling emissions by its absorbing mechanism. Furthermore, this research will investigate the carrying capacity of HLP in emissions controlling towards analysing of ecological footprint and assessing tree health of HLP surrounding as a part of green open space and emissions controlling with Non-Destructive Test (NDT) method by using PiCUS Sonic Tomograph. This research will highlight the importance of implementing Eco-Airport concept particularly in emissions controling for improving HLP sustainability and airport branding for competitiveness. In addition, this research will contribute most for initialing set up data and strategies in implementing Eco-Airport.

5-178 A study of community sustainability after the relocation of Mount Sinabung Eruption in Siosar

Novi Kumalasari
Universitas Indonesia

After disaster there were group of survivors, but they have to feel the impact not only on the physical and social side, such as stagnation of economic growth, weakening of social relations, rising of poverty, and losing of livelihood. Recovery phase provides development opportunities to rebuild the affected physical, social, and economic systems to be better than ever (build back better) and implement sustainable development concept and safer resilience. The impact of disasters eruption of Mount Sinabung disaster is felt by the people, especially those who living in the region in the red zone that is a radius of 3-7 km from the summit of Mount Sinabung. The residential land within the radius is permanently damaged and very dangerous if maintained as a residence so that the Government sets out a policy to relocate the people living in the red zone in Siosar. To restore people’s livelihoods, the government is also implementing several post-disaster recovery programs by building settlements, public facilities, and social facilities and providing agricultural land for 370 families.

Community life after the relocation area is quite difficult, agricultural products that are used as the main source of income has not been sufficient for the life needs of the community. Seen from the environmental aspects of land use in the Siosar area, it should be based on annual crops/types of plantation crops and horticulture, but agricultural commodities developed by the community are seasonal crops. The developed cultivation is feared will increase the danger of landslide and erosion due to the relocation area which is in the upstream region of two important and potential watersheds in North Sumatra and Aceh Province ie Wampu and Singkil Watershed and also belong to the watershed which must be restored its carrying capacity.

This research aims to: (1) analyze economy social circumstance of the community after the relocation of Mount Sinabung eruption (2) analyze the level of community sustainability; (3) how the local wisdom if the local community in managing nature resource and environment. Research method was by direct interview toward 60 respondents by using standard questionnaire from Community Sustainibility Assessment (CSA) of Global Eco-village Network (GEN). Result of the analysis then will be organized the recommendation of management for the environment and community sustainability in the Siosar relocation area.

5-185 Sustainability Of Hazardous Waste Management By Co-Processing In Cement Industry (Co-Processing In Pt. ITP and PT. HI

Harry Ahmad Fakri
Universitas Indonesia

One of environmental problem in industrial activities is hazardous waste management. Co-processing in cement industry is expected to be a solution of hazardous waste management. The research was conducted at cement factory which has been doing co-processing activities. Co-processing activities needs to be evaluated regarding the sustainability. To fulfill sustainable co-processing activities, hazardous waste management by cement industry requires analysis of economic benefits, social acceptability, and environmental requirements. Based on the research, it can be concluded that PT. ITP and PT. HI in co-processing activities can be said to meet the rules of sustainability. PT. ITP has conducted hazardous waste management for 41 hazardous waste generators, 22 types of hazardous waste, and 7,861.23 tons of hazardous waste. PT. HI has conducted hazardous waste management for 71 hazardous waste generators, 53 types of hazardous waste, and 59,494.91 tons of hazardous waste. The average efficiency per year obtained from (1) the use of alternative raw materials of 1.5% for PT.ITP and 4.24% for PT. HI (2) alternative fuel usage of 3.41% and for PT.ITP and 8.23% for PT.HI. Hazardous waste management spend less cost if managed through co-processing. For the community, co-processing activities provide jobs opportunity. The stakeholders accept the existence of co-processing activities at the cement plant as a hazardous waste management service with mean score of 76% and has a frequency of 39% for perception strongly agreed. Co-processing has fulfilled environmental requirements consisting of compliance with air quality standards, dioxin, furans, suitability of hazardous waste type, and product SNI compliance.

5-192 Analysis of Ground Water Quality and Health Behavior of Residents Around TPST Bantar Gebang Bekasi

Hadid Sukmana
Universitas Indonesia

This study investigates one important issue related to groundwater quality analysis and health behavior of residents around Bantar Gebang TPST (integrated waste disposal place). It argues that during the design of Bantar Gebang TPST follow the rules of a landfill with sanitary landfill equipped with leachate management and gas control but it’s actually done by open dumping (piling up without processing). This way is very dangerous and harmful because it will cause permanent pollution against groundwater, waste will produce leachate or leachate liquids that are very harmful to the surrounding environment. This study will result in the quality of groundwater and the influence of public health behavior on groundwater quality seen from the comparison of well distance with Bantar Gebang TPST. Therefore this study will use a quantitative method to perform water quality analysis calculation by using laboratory instrumentation. While the qualitative method used to perform the descriptive analysis of the questionnaire and other population data. The groundwater sample was determined by stratified sampling in 4 levels of distances is between 10 m, 20 m, 50 m, 100 m to Bantar Gebang TPST. This study may contribute to advise on establishing good sanitation at the Bantar Gebang TPST location and to be a means of evaluating the governance of environmental preservation especially groundwater sources.

5-195 Health And Environmental Risk Assesment Of Mercury Exposure Artisanal Gold Mining (Case Study In Batanghari District And Jambi City Of Jambi Province)

Universitas Indonesia

Environmental problems due to artisanal gold mining activities in Indonesia are increasingly concerning, especially along the Batanghari River which is the longest river on the island of Sumatera. In gold mining, mercury is used as a binder but can also be a pollutant in the environment because it has toxic properties.The result of the study of Balai Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan dan Pengendalian Penyakit (BTKLPP) Kelas I Batam in 2017 against Batanghari River water, obtained mercury concentration of 0.0080 ppm. The value has exceeded the water quality standard of drinking water (PP No. 82 tahun 2000). This study aims to identify mercury concentrations in the environment in Batanghari and Jambi districts, as well as their effect on public health in contact with the mercury. Samples to be taken include: river water samples, soil, fish and vegetables. Data collection was done through observation, mercury content analysis in laboratory and questionnaire. The results of this study may contribute to mercury risk analysis data from artisanal gold mining waste, and can be used as a reference for policymakers in terms of risk management and control of Batanghari River water pollution. This research is related to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) number 6 (clean water and sanitation), which is to Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

5-200 Lead Contamination And Its Management Analysis In Cinangka Village, Bogor

Indah Lestari
Universitas Indonesia

Lead is one of chemical matters that found in the earth’s crust naturally and has toxic effects for human health. Elevated lead (Pb) has been found in urban environments such as soils and dust from anthrophogenic activities. Lead smelting is activity that causing lead pollution in soil. Cinangka village in Ciampea District, Bogor is one of the smelting area which has become polluted sites of lead exposure by illegal smelting lead activity in Indonesia. This paper examines the concentration of lead in soil, local people perception about lead waste management in soil that has been done and the effort to sustain the use of its contaminated soil. Concentration of lead will be observed with experimental research using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy instrument. While, perception of local people will be done by using questionnaire instrument and to investigate the effort to sustain the use of soil will be done by in depth interviews to several stakeholders in Cinangka village area, government representative in environmental and forestry ministry and NGO that concerns in environment problems . The data will be analyzed using statistic correlation method. The result of this paper is information about concentration of lead, what has been done to manage the pollution and to seek any alternative ways of utilization its polluted soil. The finding of this research will contribute to Sustainable Devolpment Goals’s idea number fifteenth about life on the land.”

5-209 Mapping of Conditions of Coral Reefs Relating to the Phosphate and Nitrate Terms in the Karimunjawa Village Water Supply Using Geographic Information System Method

Jasmine Khairani Zainal
Universitas Indonesia

Karimunjawa village is the highest inhabitant density in Karimunjawa National Park area, supported by the presence of two important docks (Perintis and Syabandar) which make the Karimunjawa village as the center of the economy community of inhabitants in Karimunjawa islands. Karimunjawa village coastal waters had been influenced by high intensity of human activities so that can potentially increasing the concentration of nitrate (NO3-) and phosphate (PO43-) which can put preassure on coral reefs ecosystem, so it needs to examine the spread patterns of water quality and coral reefs ecosystem in Karimunjawa village coastal waters. This research used explorative descriptive research method that used Manta Tow for coral reefs ecosystem and Spatial Analyst in ArcGIS 10 for spread patterns of water quality. The materials that collected were spread patterns and condition of coral reefs; and distribution of water quality in Karimunjawa village coastal waters. Based on the result, it was known that the extensive of coral reefs in Karimunjawa densely populated village is 149,50 m2 based on analysisi Landsat-8 and the average conditions in the moderate category (26-50%). It was also known that range of phosphate concentration was 0,12-2,19 mg/l and the range of nitrate concentration was 0,04-1,33 mg/l.

5-216 Reducing trash goes to The Sea as the other advantage of Thermal Power Plant

Universitas Indonesia

Thermal Power Plants (TPP) is a power plant where steam is used to drive a steam turbine. A large quantity of cooling water is required for the condenser of TPP, hence the plant should preferably situated beside big source of natural water source such as big river, river estuary or sea. TPP has advantages and disadvantages. The Advantages such as economical for low initial cost other than any generating plant and can be installed in any location where transportation and bulk of water are available. Disadvantages, the running cost for a TPP is comparatively high due to fuel and maintenance. The heated water that comes from TPP has an adverse effect on aquatic lives in the water and disturbs the ecology.
Since lot of trash in the river estuary that comes from municipal waste goes to the sea, TPP could be has other advantages for the ecology. Because as long as the operation of TPP, its collect trash from the river. Key point of research is how TPP could support the ecology. The subject of the research is important because it will give other review of advantages of TPP. This study will find on the power plant that located in the Jakarta bay. This research will investigate the volume of trash toward community development based on quantitative and qualitative analysis. This study will contribute on determination the effective location for TPP and to give alternative solution to reduce waste landfill by applying community development.

5-222 Society Participation in Household Solid Waste Segregation (Case Study at Depok Sub-district, Depok City)

Nining Harnita
Universitas Indonesia

Solid Waste in Depok City has becoming an urgent issues along with population growth, urbanization, and limited capacity of final treatment and disposal area. Inadequate management of household solid waste is a serious problem in this city and it requires the participation of local society to manage household solid waste by segregating. Society participation in segregating household solid waste has not been fully implemented yet due to internal and external factors that affect it. The purpose of this research are: (1) To analyze the level of society participation in household solid waste segregation in Depok Sub-district; (2) To analyze the influence of internal and external factors to the level of society participation in household solid waste segregation in Depok Sub-district; And (3) To analyze the contribution of society participation in household solid waste segregation to waste reduction in Depok Sub-district. This research uses quantitative approach, with the mixing quantitative and qualitative methods, and multiple linear regression analysis. The study will result analysis of society participation level in household solid waste segregation in Depok Sub-district, analysis of the influence of internal and external factors to society participation level in household solid waste segregation in Depok Sub-district, and analysis of society participation in household solid waste segregation contribution to reduction of waste generation in Depok Sub-district.

5-223 Creating Smart City through Smart Citizens toward Sustainable City

Lina Trimugi Astuti
Indonesia Environmental Scientist Association

Refers to the enrichment of smart city definitions, the smart city concept is similar with sustainable city, since to realize a sustainable cities, a smart concept and implementation is needed as well. Cities is an ecosystems constructed by human to support the human life itself. Therefore, within the urban ecosystems there are interaction between humans and the surrounding environment which is in general is the artificial environment. Infrastructure, business centers, roads and settlements development built can be an attraction to the population growth. The urban populations growth could not predicted only from birth and morality rate, but it also has to take into account the urbanization which drive by some factors. Refers to the aim of sustainable city, error in predicting urban population growth and coupled with a lack of attention to its quality, will be affecting to the degradation of urban environment qualities. Cities needs smart citizens to create the sustainable city, but in turn smart cities should be able to improve the smart of its citizens. This study attempt to find the smart citizens indicators and its influence on the sustainable city. Using secondary data from the top three Smartest Cities in Asia (Tokyo, Seoul and Singapore) and Indonesia, the results show education level, productivity, environmental understanding, participation, technological, and legal compliance formed through a good governance and smart urban planning, able to create the smart citizens which in turn can create the sustainability of the urban ecosystem.

5-231 Sustainable Development: Industrial VS Agriculture

Yunita Ismail
President University

Industrial area was build in order to encourage the development of industry that gives the largest contribution to GDP. For industrial area built in West Java Province generally on agricultural area, especially rice field. For Bekasi Regency, the industrial area continues to grow and most of it is built on rice fields. This study looks at the impact of industrial estate development on rice production in Bekasi Regency. Secondary data used comes from Central Bureau of Statistics of Bekasi Regency. The variables used are the number of large and medium industry, rice field area, the number of workers, the number of not working, the production of rice fields, the production of field rice as independent variables and GDP as dependent variable. Data analysis was done by using simple and multiple regression. The results obtained that the area of rice field had a significant negative effect on GDP both partially and simultaneously. Area of rice field directly influence to PDRB, other variable which have significant effect simultaneously was number of unemployed worker and paddy field production.

5-239 Spatial Dynamics Model of Land Availability and Mount Merapi Disaster-Prone Areas in Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta Special Region Province

Nabila Dety Novia Utami
Universitas Indonesia

The existence of Mount Merapi in Sleman Regency makes the agricultural land so fertile and that becomes an attraction for humans to occupy the region. A high population growth will lead to the residents demand of the availability built-up land higher, that makes the environmental carrying cappacity in Sleman Regency decrease. However, the volcanic activity of Mount Merapi becomes a threat to the people who live in the area of Disaster Prone Areas of Mount Merapi. The aims of this research to predict the availability of land as well as the relation to the disaster-prone areas, and the carrying capacity of the environment. 2007 – 2017 population data and Landsat 7 ETM + 2007, 2012, 2017 imagery were used in this research. The method that being used in this study is spatial dynamics model based on system dynamics and Geographic Information System (GIS). The result shows that population have exponential growth pattern followed by the decreasing of land availability drastically. The growth of built-up area is increasing, people will occupy the suitable area first until it’s fully built and then develop to the less suitable built-up area.

5-242 Natural Resources and Local Material to Ekspansif Soil Solution

Nusa Setiani Triastuti
Krisnadwipayana Univercity

The total area of high and medium potentially expansive estates is 116030.8778 km² or ± 90.682% of the total land area of Java Island of 129934.0475 km². Survey methodology, collect primer data local wisdom potential, existing location condition, existing soil structure, access location to transport of material, tools, equipment, Secondary data consist of gathered from the expert on geology report, geological map , soil investigation, ground water level. Ground location researched several villages in East Java and West Java. The objective of maintaining natural conditions, local materials should not landslide on buildings ,infrastructure. Based on soil test and to watching a black colored soil and easily high potential sliding, showed very expansive soil. Sliding landslides caused by invisible water sources and soil being carried by water that could push the land. Overcome sliding with local material and ready natural resources. Solution of expansive soil in the village should be cheap, ease of implementation. The analysis must meet two major items. First, natural resources that exist contours, soil fertility and groundwater maintained for the source of life. Second, local material potentials are circle pipe concrete , bamboo knitted, bamboo piping. The principle of the solution is a part of the force that suppresses channeled so that the building structure is not heavy, long life time, building structure are intertwined into a unity. Conclusion by maintaining soil fertility, local material, natural environment, cheap, simple and ease of onstruction, simple transportation able to made building,infrastructure without landslide, thus giving sense of safety.


5-244 Sago as a Local Treasure Resource of ASEAN for Sustainable Food Security and Sovereignty

Saptarining Wulan
Trisakti School of Tourism

Sago as an indigenous plant of Indonesia, neglected and underutilized species (NUS) has little attention or which is entirely ignored by agricultural researchers, plant breeders and policymakers. Sago is a wild or semi-domesticated variety and non-timber forest species, which is not traded as commodities. Sago as NUS presents marvelous prospects for fighting poverty, hunger, malnutrition, and for sustainable food security. It can help make agricultural production systems more resilient to climate change. The value of sago in traditional foods and cultures can empower communities (women in particular). Now is the time for action on sago. There is an increasing awareness that agriculture must diversify. Sago has an important role to play in advancing agricultural development beyond the current popular commodities such as paddy and oil palm that currently are common cultivated on peat land. The purpose of this research is to contribute a recommendation of the most sustainable commodity from the aspect carbon dioxide (CO2) emission among three food agriculture commodities include oil palm and paddy that currently as excellent commodities, and sago palm as NUS, which are cultivated on peat land. The method applied for this research to analyze the environmental aspect using life cycle assessment (LCA) started from seedling, plantation, harvesting, transportation, and production process. The analysis result reveals that sago palm is the most environmental friendly.

The lowest CO2 emission (ton/ha/year) is sago palm (214.75 ± 23.49 kg CO2 eq), then paddy (322.03 ± 7.57 kg CO2 eq), and the highest CO2 emission (ton/ha/year) is oil palm (406.88 ± 97.09 kg CO2 eq).

5-246 Restoring Coastal Area of Jakarta Bay Case Study: Mangrove Ecosystem in Muara Angke

Suwanto Agung
Universitas Indonesia

The economic problems have negatively affected ecosystem of natural resources especially at the coastal area. Indeed, one of the functions of mangrove is to trap sediment. The ecosystem of mangrove in Muara Angke, Jakarta Bay has deteriorated rapidly, mostly by human activities. Based on spatial analysis that were carried out in built geo-database showed that Muara Angke is under influence of fish ponds, civilization, and abrasion areas. This paper elaborates how to use the sediment trapped, which exists at surrounding area of Jakarta Bay
to restore the Mangrove ecosystem in Muara Angke. Samples were taken using core sampler from several cluster areas of the sedimentation. Physical properties, chemical properties and organic substances contained in the sediment were analyzed. The paper also reviewed methods of valuing the protection service of mangrove and the role of mangrove in protecting coastal areas in Muara Angke.

5-247 Increasing Emancipation For Women In Environmental Management To Environmental Security In Urban Area

Donna Asteria
Universitas Indonesia

This study is about experience of women’s role in environmental management to raise environmental security and form of women’s emancipation movement. Environmental concerns conducted by residents of urban women who become environmental activists based on environmental literacy. Because of that, women’s experience in interacting with both physic and social environment have differences in managing the environment including managing household waste by applying the principles of the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle) and their persuasive efforts on their communities. This is the key to achieving sustainable development by anticipating environmental problem and preserving the environment. This study is conducted qualitatively and its type is descriptive-explanative. The result of this study is environmental literacy of women activist on pro-environment action in their community that has achieved operational environmental literacy; and few others have achieved spiritual environmental literacy. Environmental literacy may differ due to internal and external condition of each individual. Pro-environment activities conducted as a form of responsibility of environmental concern such as eco-management, educational, and economic action, by persuading residents to proactively and consistently continue to do environmental management and develop a sense of community in shaping the networks of environmental concern in local context for global effect.

5-267 Analysis Of Impact Sedimentation To Sustainability Of Jatiluhur Hydroelectric Power Plant

Suprihatin Wulansari
Universitas Indonesia

The population growth causing the increase demand of the electricity. The government builds various power plants to fulfill the demand on electricity. The hydro power plant is more advantageous than that of the orther mode of power generator because it uses water as a new energy resources. The hydroelectric power plant is relatively clean because it does not yield pollutant.
The increasing of sedimentation on Jatiluhur reservoir in every year, causing the performance of hydroelectric power plant to be disturbed. It may reduce the electricity production. To maintain the sustainability of jatiluhur hydroelectric power plant that sedimentation must be reduced.

Within that frame of mind therefore the research problem area is: a). the effect of sedimentation on electric power generated by Jatiluhur Hydroelectric Power Plant. b) the influence of sedimentation on the function of Jatiluhur reservoir age. c). the effect of water quality of reservoirs for hydropower sustainability. d). the effect of sedimentation on the income of fish farmers in Karamba Jaring Apung (KJA) Jatiluhur.

This research uses quantitative approach with mix method research method. Analysis using quadratic regression analysis.

5-273 Sumatran Tiger on the Brink of Extinction

Vicca Karolinoerita
Wildlife Conservation Society

Indonesia is one of the mega biodiversity countries in the world. However, the threat of majestic wildlife still remains. This paper aims to provide the facts related to poaching and trafficking of Sumatran tiger. It reviews related law enforcement addressing the threat. Sumatran tiger, Panthera tigris sumatrae, is protected under regulation, and recognized as an endemic tiger subspecies in Sumatra, categorized by IUCN Redlist as Critically Endangered species. The pressure of tiger habitat from settlement expansion, poaching, and land clearing for plantations significantly impact on tiger population. Since 2006-2007, WCS predicted that more than 47 tigers were killed in Leuser Landscape and between 2010-2017, at least 78 tigers were killed from source sites or traded in markets. Since 2010, WCS supported 86 sting operations to arrest 139 tiger poachers and traffickers. Continuously market demand for tiger parts shows that deterrent effect is not giving significant impact on tiger conservation. The benefit for selling tiger parts is considered higher compared to that of the risk being arrested. Several actions taken into account of protecting tiger, include all efforts in maintaining the tiger habitat, understanding modus operandi, conducting a robust sting operation, increasing the deterrent effect and conducting public awareness.

5-278 The Importance Of Mensiau Forest Block On Bornean Orangutan Trans-Boundary Conservation

Mohamad Arif Rifqi
Forum Orangutan Indonesia

The Bornean orangutan is currently assessed as critically endangered IUCN Red-list in 2016. Some of wild orangutan habitat located in trans-boundary area between Indonesia-Malaysia and also included in the delineation of multilateral cooperation Heart of Borneo Initiative. This study aims to identify the importance of Mensiau forest block in conserving trans-boundary Bornean orangutan population in the landscape of Betung Kerihun and Batang Ai-Lanjak Entimau, and identify the needs to implement workable trans-boundary conservation partnership between Indonesia and Malaysia. The results of such a study assist researchers, planners and policy makers to formulate direction of trans-boundary conservation policy. The study shows Mensiau forest block has the native population of Bornean orangutan sub-species Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus (with population density of 0.522 individuals per km2) as well as has forest and ecosystem connectivity with Batang Air National Park, Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary and Betung Kerihun National Park. This site is also highly feasible to be incorporated into existing trans-boundary conservation agreements, although the status of the area is not entirely protected area. Facing the level of current threat and the existing collaborative efforts, we found it was still insufficient, especially within the areas of technical collaboration conservation, law enforcement, management and financing area that still needs to be strengthened.

5-281 Corruption in Palm Plantation Business: The Impact on Economy, Ecology and Gender Issues

Lengga Pradipta
Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Since the demand of oil palm product is getting higher, many developing countries, including the countries in Southeast Asia, are became the targeted area for oil palm plantation expansion. In 1990s, this sector was claimed as one of the promising business to boost economic development. But ironically, the data from Sawit Watch during 2006 until 2016 showed this sector has failed to elevate the economic condition in Southeast Asia. The worst fact revealed that there are many issues has emerged in this sector, such as corruption which have direct impact on law enforcement and economic development, environmental degradation and also gender discrimination. According to CIFOR, there are 15 million hectares of land which has been converted into palm plantation, and those lands are being grabbed from indigenous people illegally by the investors (in this phase, corruption and bribery are always happened). Furthermore, oil palm plantation expansion is also destroyed the ecological system and distracted the social norms in society. In the future, there should be an integrated platform in oil palm business, so the people who lived around the plantation could have better condition in economic, environment or social aspects.

5-282 Conservation of Heritage Culture, Nagari Sumpur, West Sumatera (case study Participation for built Rumah Gadang with local wisdom Batagak Tonggak Tuo)

Setia Damayanti
Pancasila University

As an archipelagic country with diverse tribes, Indonesia has at least 1,128 tribes. One of them is the Minangkabau tribe is located mostly in West Sumatra. The house of Minangkabau tribe call Rumah Gadang. Rumah Gadang as one of the cultural heritages symbolizes the common life, common goals, and common ways, and the symbol of culture. Ceremony Batagak Tonggak Tuo Rumah Gadang in Nagari Sumpur, Tanah Datar Regency, West Sumatera Province. This ceremony is intended as a form of preservation of works and cultural values that have recently been abandoned by the young generation. This aims to assess the level of community participation in the conservation effort of cultural heritage of Rumah Gadang Nagari Sumpur Sumatera Barat. Qualitative descriptive analysis method by interviewing 6 resource persons and indigenous stakeholders. The research also describes the initial procession starting with sorting wooden stems used for milestones, followed by cutting down, wooden maelo from rimbo, Mancacah, Marakik and Batagak Tunggak Tuo. The process is a form of local wisdom that plays a role in the strategy of conservation efforts of cultural heritage of Minangkabau traditional house. The results of this study indicate that the level of public participation is quite high in the efforts of revitalization and conservation of cultural heritage areas.

5-286 The Biodiversity Finance Plan: A Workplan for Indonesia
Anggun Puspita Khoirun Nisa
Universitas Indonesia

Biodiversity provides innumerable benefits for humanity such as food, natural capital and ecosystem services. However, many countries are not investing in biodiversity despite there is a limited available resource in this world. A new investment and fiscal policy paradigm is required to increasing economic value and financial benefits of biodiversity and sustainable development. Indonesia has established IBSAP (Indonesian Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan) 2015-2020 in order to achieve national biodiversity targets. This study uses a Biodiversity Finance Initiative (BIOFIN) data tools from UNDP to list which finance scheme is suitable for biodiversity project in Indonesia. The study uses descriptive analysis and case study approach using mixed-method (primary and secondary data) that the primary data is obtained from in-depth interview from experts.

5-288 Integrated Water Resource Management: Simulating water conservation and people social behaviour as key aspects to a more sustainable Water Resource Management

Adipati Gumelar
Universitas Indonesia

This paper discuss how to build a more sustainable Integrated Water Resources Management system, with Serang City, Banten Province, Indonesia, as the case study location. Integrated Water Resources Management is a thinking that to manage a sustainable water resources is by building a balance between the need of water with the usage of the water itself for the people of the city and their activities. The method used in this paper is by designing a system dynamic model to simulate the process of Water Resources Management. This paper suggest the water conservation sub-system and the people social behaviour sub-system as two new sub-system that could improve the achievement of balance. This finding contributes in designing a more sustainable integrated water resource management, by proving that the usage of the people in Indonesian Cities at the moment are not sustainable. Because the increasing number people and their activities keep depleting the groundwater resources, while the water resources from the rain and river is neglected. Therefore this paper suggest that in developing a sustainable Integrated Water Resources Management, the aspect of water conservation and also the social behaviour of the people must should be taken into account.

5-292 Main Indpendent Factor In Locating Teak Processing Industrial In Bonjonegoro Districk

Agusti Aprilianti
University of Indonesia

Land using of forest area in Bojonegoro is huge enough. In 2010, noted that the land using of forest area is 40,67% (93.833,36 Ha) for producting forest, which is the biggest percentage compared with other land using. From that number of forest area, most of which been cultivated for wood producer plant, such as teak plant. 44% from all forest area in Bojonegoro districk is teak wood forest, which can be procssed to be some processed goods like furniture, handicraft, ect through a processing industrial unit called UMKM. Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) or Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has a strategic roles in national economic development. Beside its role in economic development, and labor absorption, MSME has an important role in distributing the development results. MSME also proven not affected by economis crisis.
The selecting of MSME location can be influenced by factors, as been explained by Alfred Weber, that in selecting industrial location must be considering the most minimum cost, by using three determinant variables, material point, consumtion point, and labor point. Least cost location noticed that a industrial location should been placed in lee cost place, that is mean the place has less cost of transportation and labor, so that can obtain a maximum advantages. From that theory, author try to analyse the independent factors which most affecting to the number of a teak food processing industrial unit in Bojonegoro district in 2015 by using statistic programme.

5-298 Environmental Management Studies of Landslide Areas in Karangkobar District, Banjarnegara Regency, Central Java

Titi Wahyuni
Universitas Gadjah Mada

The potential for high natural disasters is basically a reflection of natural phenomena that are geographically very distinctive for Indonesian soil territory. This reseach is part of research on Extreme Climate Variability and Potential Disaster in Indonesia. This paper is only discussed problem related to landslides in terms of both causes and its potential risks. Banjarnegara is the most vulnerable regency in Central Java, and Karangkobar District is the most vulnerable landslide in Banjarnegara (Karnawati, 2014). The landslide disaster that occurred in Jemblung, Sampang Village, Karangkobar District is one of the many landslides that used as the discussion. Like the flash flood disaster in Garut, West Java, Wednesday dawn 21 September 2016 which reminds the landslide that occurred in Banjarnegara (Ganjar Pranowo, 2016). This study aims to reveal how 1) the causes of landslides; And 2) the effect of landslide disaster on environmental degradation in Karangkobar District, Banjarnegara Regency. The method used is survey. Data collected are primary data from field observation and secondary data from related departments and previous research. The results of this study in rule of Disaster Management are analyses of geospatial data related to landslides hazards, those are landslide susceptibility map and review about landslides in Jemblung related to social-economic of local residents.

5-308 Ecological Communication: The Media and Social Adaptation to Maritime Disaster in Indonesia

Hermin Indah Wahyuni
Center for Southeast Asian Social Studies

As an archipelagic country, Indonesia is the laboratory of both sudden and slow onset maritime disasters. Looking at the case of Tsunami in Aceh 2004 and the tidal flood, locally known as “Rob” in Semarang coastal areas today, this study analyses the role of the media in communicating pre, between and post disasters to the locals. Applying content analysis using Niklas Luhman’s system theory on adaptive communication, the study argues that the media fails in prioritizing ecological awareness towards Indonesian society as the casualties of the Tsunami is beyond numbers and the extreme lack of awareness towards ‘Rob’ ecological disaster.

5-316 The Use Of Zingiberaceae Family As Traditional Medicine By Malakaji Community, Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi

Fadly Husain
Universitas Negeri Semarang

Baiq Farhatul Wahidah
UIN Walisongo Semarang

Indonesia is a country that has rich natural resources including botanical biodiversities. Indonesian people use these botanical resources not only for economic purposes but also solution to maintain health. Zingiberaceae (ginger/jahe-jahean) family is one of some plant groups that are potentially used as medicine. Zingiberaceae family is well known with its effectiveness in curing various illnesses, as raw material of jamu and also used as food spices. The study aims is to identify plant types of Zingiberaceae family which are used in traditional medicine by Malakaji community in Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi. This research used qualitative methods, both interviews and observations were applied to collect information and data from selected informants such as sanro/dukun and people in this area who utilize Zingiberaceae family as medicine. Interview technique used semi-structural type which is becoming a guide in asking questions as local names of the plant, parts used, potency, method in producing, as well as habitat, wild plant or domesticated. The result shows that there are six plants in Zingiberaceae family are used as medicine by Malakaji community they are turmeric (Curcuma domestica, ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc), white turmeric (Curcuma alb), red galangal (Alpinia purpurata, K.Schum), black ginger (Curcuma aeruginosa), and Java ginger (Curcuma xanthorrhiza, Roxb).